What is APPR?
10 Things to Know about the new teacher
Just like students, teachers and principals
will now be given a number grade at the end of every year that
represents their effectiveness rating thanks to the new
state-required evaluation system called the Annual Professional
Performance Review (or “APPR”). Teachers and principals have always
been held to standards, but the new system is much more complicated
and rigid – and, for the first time ever, a portion of it is tied to
student performance on state exams.
APPR is just one part of the many reforms put
in place by the NYS Board of Regents to improve student learning. It
was developed to improve the state’s educational system and support
the professional growth of educators in the state, which should
ultimately lead to students being better prepared for college and
career. There are many details to understand about APPR, so here are
10 facts you should know:
1. In order to receive federal Race to the Top
and state education aid (which is vital for each district to
operate), all school districts in New York are required by Jan. 17,
2013 to have adopted locally and received state approval of APPR
plans for teachers and principals.
2. Each teacher and principal in grades K-12
will receive a rating of either: Highly effective, Effective,
Developing or Ineffective (HEDI) – every year.
3. Teacher and principal ratings will be based
on a 100-point score. A score between 0-64 would classify a teacher
as “ineffective.” Those with a rating of 65-74 points are
“developing,” and 75 to 90 points signifies “effective.” A rating
from 91-100 means a teacher is “highly effective.”
4. The 100-point score will come from three
areas: 60 percent will be based on observations of teachers in the
classroom and other factors that measure how effective their
teaching practices are; 20 to 25 percent will come from student
growth based on state tests OR progress made toward meeting
student-learning targets (a.k.a. Student Learning Objectives); and
the final 15 to 20 percent will be based on measures of student
achievement that are selected by each school district. All three
sections are guided by NYSED regulations in terms of who does the
evaluating, what can be included in the scoring and how the scoring
must be done.
5. The exact details of the ratings will vary
by district as a result of district policies and negotiations that
are included in local teacher and administrator contracts.
6. The majority of the APPR must be bargained
locally, including classroom observation procedures, the appeals
process, Teacher Improvement Plan (TIP) procedures and local
selection of measures of student achievement. All negotiations are
in the context of the extensive NYSED regulations that now govern
APPR in NYS.
7. For subjects without a state assessment
test (such as in grades outside of 4-8), teachers must use a Student
Learning Objective (SLO) to gauge student growth. A SLO is an
academic goal for students set at the start of the course that
represents the most important learning of the year. SLO’s must t be
based on student learning that is measurable; and must also be
aligned to New York state’s Common Core learning standards.
8. Teachers will be observed a minimum of
twice a year by the building principal or a trained administrator
and one of these observations must be unannounced.
9. All APPR plans must include guidelines for
improvement plans and an appeals process for those who are rated as
10. Although the New York State Education
Department has said teacher ratings will be released to the parents
of students in each teacher’s classroom (or in each principal’s
school), it is not clear how the release of these ratings will be
implemented. The ratings for the 2012-2013 school year are
anticipated in fall 2013.